Dr. Christian Heesch is a marine biologist who uses scientific method in an effort to ensure that all of his research is conducted to a high standard. As a scientist, he understands that all of the work that he does must be accurate in order to be taken seriously. Good scientists have a number of other qualities that make them well-suited to the role, regardless of their fields of study.
Scientists should be very curious people who are capable of looking at things that many others take for granted with the aim of finding explanations for them. Without curious mindsets, scientists will find it hard to create hypotheses and will also struggle to follow-up on any ideas that they do have, often through a lack of motivation to continue if research starts taking a long time.
Scientists must be capable of playing the long game with their research at times, as there is no guarantee in any study that the results they are looking for will actually occur. It can take many years just to experience a single breakthrough in their fields, so scientists need to understand that all of their work has purpose and find ways to continue with it, even when their patience has been stretched thin.
Dr. Christian Heesch makes sure to check everything that he does so that it is as accurate as possible. Scientist must be detail-oriented and capable of spotting little patterns that may lead them to revelations. They must also be capable of noticing mistakes in their work, so that they can be corrected before publishing.
Watching football during each season is a hobby of marine biologist Dr. Christian Heesch. He has been a fan of the sport since he was small, learning much of his knowledge from his father. He enjoys meeting people who are unfamiliar with the sport, and teaching them the basics. Starting with the most rudimentary rules and topics, he gives the following education to his friends.
- American football is a team sport that is highly competitive. Two teams meet on the football field to try and best the other with a higher point score. Each team is divided among an offense and defense. The offensive goal is to score points for their own team. The defensive goal is to prevent the other team from scoring points while they are in possession of the football.
- Since its inception, the National Football League (NFL) located in the United States, has overseen all of the rules and regulations that governs professional American football. Each of the thirty-two professional football teams must adhere to the NFL rules.
- There are only five possible ways to score points when playing football. Both the offense and defense have the potential to score these points. The most common point scoring plays are a touchdown or a field goal. These plays will earn their team six or three points, respectively. When a touchdown is scored, the team who hold the ball has the option of kicking a short field goal for one extra point, or attempting a two-point conversion play for two additional points. Lastly, if the defense is able to tackle or sac the other team’s quarterback while he is in possession of the ball in his own end-zone, the defense’s team will receive two points for what is known as a safety.
- On average any single American football team has roster of fifty-two players. However, many of those players do not get to be on the field during a standard football game. According to NFL rules, a team can only have eleven players on the field at one time. This means that they either have eleven offensive or defensive players handling the ball and making plays. The remaining players on the sidelines are there as a backup in case of injury.
- Aside from the offense and defense, there is a third category of players that is smaller but equally important, called the special teams. The special teams are made up of kickers, returners, snappers, and tacklers. These players are only on the field (not always together) when the ball is being punted or when a field goal or extra point is attempted.
- Of all of the player positions in football, Dr. Christian Heesch’s favorite is the Tight End.
During his time is graduate school for marine biology, Dr. Christian Heesch spent many hours studying the intricate world of zooplankton. Now that he has graduated and become a working professional in his field, he uses his vast zooplankton knowledge to study the smallest organisms that inhabit the oceans. Here he offers some of his valuable and hard earned information.
- The term plankton refers to both the phytoplankton and zooplankton that lives in ocean waterways and seas. While phytoplankton is the incredibly small plant material that creates the basis of many food chains, zooplankton are the microscopic organisms like animals that reside near the surface of the water.
- Both forms of plankton are important to the oceans, yet offer no form of strength on their own. Plankton, for example, cannot swim on its own merit, but is forced to travel wherever the ocean currents send it.
- Holoplankton is the name given to the permanent members of the plankton family. Some of the most widely recognized permanent plankton organisms are amphipods, dinoflagellates, krill, and diatoms. Others are radiolarians, foraminifera, salps, and copepods.
- Meroplankton are the temporary or transient members of the plankton realm. These organisms are only considered to be a member of the plankton family when they are in their earliest or youngest stages, such as larval growth. When these organisms grow to maturity, they are no longer a form of plankton, but a full-fledged species of their own. Common meroplankton include the larval forms of sea urchins, fish, marine worms and snails, crustaceans, and sea stars.
- For taxonomic purposes, zooplankton is classified by its development stage or size. Sizes of zooplankton are separated into six different measurement categories, with picoplankton being the smallest and megaplankton the largest. However, even megaplankton is small compared to the myriad of other creatures that live in the ocean. The sizes for zooplankton classification are as follows.
- Picoplankton- less than two micrometers in diameter or length.
- Nanoplankton- 2 to 20 micrometers in diameter or length.
- Microplankton- 20 to 200 micrometers in diameter or length.
- Mesoplankton- 0.2 to 20 millimeters in diameter or length.
- Macroplankton- 20-200 millimeters in diameter or length.
- Megaplankton- greater than 200 millimeters in diameter or length.
- Stage classification of zooplankton is determined by whether the organism is a holoplankton or meroplankton, therefore whether it is destined to always be a form of plankton or still growing into its own species.
- The world of zooplankton is small in stature but plays a large role in the underwater ecosystem. Dr. Christian Heesch explains that the nanoplanktonic flagellates found in zooplankton are tasked with keeping the bacteria levels in water safe and healthy.